Orthomolecular medicine (also referred to as nutritive medicine or functional nutritional medicine) is the medicine of micronutrients and its effects on the human organism. Its task is „to maintain good health and to treat diseases by changing the concentration of substances in the human body, which are normally present in the body and are necessary for its health”.
On the one hand, orthomolecular medicine and the substances it uses are nowadays well known as to the biochemistry involved and their physiological function in the organism. Besides, their high relevance for the entire human metabolism is unquestioned among experts. On the other hand, their usefulness in prevention and therapy for many indications has been proven by a large number of studies that meet the requirements of the so-called evidence-based medicine with reasonable certainty.
Orthomolecular medicine takes the view that vitamins, trace elements, minerals, amino acids and various other substances, considered vital substances, are more compatible with the human body than substances which are foreign to it, and that it is almost impossible for humans in our modern times to satisfy the body‘s need for vital nutrients by food alone.